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Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Saturday, 31 March 2007, 10:26 PM
  faulty predication

So, you need a kitten to tell you about the CAT? Fair enough. Starting from today, we will unearth every trap, every pitfall, and every dark alley of the English language. As a person who loves the language, I like people who can write and speak English well. My world is full of words. And by the time I am done with you, your world will be full of words too. 

Most of you are unaware that the biggest pitfall of the language is created by you yourselves. Most of you MBA aspirants are trying to learn the language because it's something "you have to do in order to clear your English section in CAT or GMAT." You cannot be far from the truth. You need to start loving the language because your competency with the language is the most important tool you will need when you are a manager. A good command over the language promotes effective communication. And effective communication is necessary in every sphere of your life. Why? Here's why-

  • Corporate managers spend 60 percent of their day communicating orally in face-to-face contexts.
  • Much of your time will be spent in meetings, international communication, interaction with other employees, oral presentations, and using multimedia technology.
  • Studies indicate that persons who possess good communication skills also possess greater critical thinking ability.
  • In your personal life, communication exists as a dynamic and essential force in the maintenance of relationships, and facilitates the development of a satisfied and healthy family.
  • Communication, both oral and written, is identified as one of the biggest skills for effective leadership.


So all you "Hinglish" mongers, learn English as if your life depends on it, because it really does. To start with, we will take an easy topic in this article- Faulty Predication.

Faulty predication is when a subject and a predicate are connected to each other illogically. A sentence with faulty predication tries to match a subject with an inconsistent predicate or a verb that describes an activity that the subject of the sentence cannot carry.

Ha!

Did you read the first two sentences without a pause or a break in your reading? If you did, you are one more unsuspecting victim of the silent killer called Faulty Predication.

Have a look at the sentences once again:


Faulty predication is when a subject and a predicate are connected to each other illogically. (Faulty predication is not time)

Corrected: Faulty predication occurs when a subject and a predicate are connected to each other illogically.


A sentence with faulty predication tries to match a subject with an inconsistent predicate or a verb that describes an activity that the subject of the sentence cannot carry. (A sentence cannot “try”)

Corrected: The writer of a sentence with faulty predication tries to match a subject with an inconsistent predicate or a verb that describes an activity that the subject of the sentence cannot carry.

Corrected: In a sentence with faulty predication, a subject is matched with an inconsistent predicate or a verb that describes an activity that the subject of the sentence cannot carry.


In short, a faulty predication occurs when the subject and the predicate of a sentence do not make sense together. Faulty predication often goes unnoticed as the problem is not with the grammar but with the logic (see the second sentence). The good part is that expertise gained for solving faulty predication extends over to other areas of sentence correction techniques and resolves many doubts.

Here are some more demonstrations of faulty predication:


The company believes that the annual meeting of stockholders is a good opportunity for the stockholders to meet the board of directors. (This sentence implies that the company believes, but a company can do no such thing- only people can believe.)

Corrected: The chairman of the company believes that the annual meeting of stockholders is a good opportunity for the stockholders to meet the board of directors.


The result of the recent elections gave a clean majority to the left party. (Result cannot give)

Corrected: The result of the recent election was a clean majority to the left party.


Pay close attention to faulty predication involving "is where," "is when," and "the reason is because."

The greatest change in my life was when I moved away from the family. (change cannot be time).

Corrected: The greatest change in my life occurred when I moved away from the family.


A vacation is where people get away from their busy lifestyle. (vacation is not a place).

Corrected: When on a vacation, people get away from their busy lifestyle.

 

The reason Verbal Kitten is gaining weight is because she eats lots of chocolates.

(The reason is because suffers from redundancy. The reason and is because essentially mean the same thing—both phrases describe the cause. The reason is because is also incorrect because the subject "reason" is a noun, and the verb is" requires another noun or an adjective in order to complete the predicate)

 

Corrected: The reason Verbal Kitten is gaining weight is that she eats lots of chocolates.

Corrected: Verbal Kitten is gaining weight because she eats lots of chocolates.

                     

By the way, I am NOT gaining weight. It was just an example. big grin

 

Ok. Now try to solve some sentence correction questions based on faulty predication-

 

1.         According to Henry David Thoreau, the reason a majority is allowed to rule is not that it is more likely to be right, but because it is stronger.

(A) the reason a majority is allowed to rule is not that it is more likely to be right, but because it is stronger

(B) a majority is allowed to rule not because it is more likely to be right, but because it is stronger

(C) the reason for majority rule is not because they are more likely to be right, they are stronger

(D) the majority is allowed to rule because of its strength, not because it is more likely to be right(B)

(E) the reason why the majority rules is that it is strong, not because it is likely to be right

 

2.         The only way for growers to salvage frozen citrus is to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns.

(A) to process them quickly into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns

(B) if they are quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns to rot them

(C) for them to be processed quickly into juice concentrate before the fruit rots when warmer weather returns

(D) if the fruit is quickly processed into juice concentrate before they rot when warmer weather returns(E)

(E) to have it quickly processed into juice concentrate before warmer weather returns and rots the fruit


3.         The technical term “pagination” is a process that leaves editors, instead of printers, assemble the page images that become the metal or plastic plates used in printing.

(A) is a process that leaves editors, instead of printers, assemble

(B) refers to a process that allows editors, rather than printers, to assemble

(C) is a process leaving the editors, rather than printers, to assemble

(D) refers to a process which allows editors, but not to printers, the assembly of(B)

(E) has reference to the process leaving to editors, instead of the printer, assembling


4.         The domesticated camel, which some scholars date around the twelfth century B.C., was the key to the development of the spice trade in the ancient world.

(A) The domesticated camel, which some scholars date

(B) The domesticated camel, which some scholars having thought to occur

(C) Domesticating the camel, dated by some scholars at

(D) The domestication of the camel, thought by some scholars to have occurred

(E) The camel’s domestication, dated by some scholars to have been

Answers: 1- B, 2- E, 3- B, 4- D

 faulty predication

 

 

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Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by priyanka sharma - Saturday, 31 March 2007, 11:25 PM
 

Dear VK,

it is a lovely article that you have written for students like me.

I have a doubt. In q no 2, the answer is E according to you. but i want to ask athat why not A? frozen citrus  are themselves capable of rotting.

just like apples or vegetables start rotting when kept for long in polybags.

or do you want to say that frozen citrus cant rot on their own. they need warmer weather to return and rot them?

basically my point is that do frozen citrus rot on their own or is it  "warmer weather returns and rots the fruit"

kindly clear the above mentioned doubt.

and yes, the post you have sent is really very informative. hope to see more of such lessons from you.

cheers!!!!!!!!!

priyanks.

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Sunday, 1 April 2007, 12:30 AM
  Hi Priyanka,

Thanks for the praise. TG told me you liked the article. And I think I will write another one soon because TG is jealous that my post got a reply on the first day itself. big grin big grin
To answer your question, B, C, and D are out because they are equating 'way' with conditions. (if they are.., for them to be..)
To choose between A and E, you should read both the sentences carefully and try to spot the differences between them. That's the standard operating procedure to eliminate one or more options in a sentence correction question. If you see A and E carefully, you will see that A is treating citrus as plural while E is treating citrus as singular. Only thing you need to know now that it is singular, and hence A is wrong. The error has nothing to do with the correct process of rotting. It is a grammar question and not a general knowledge question.

Au Revoir!

VK
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by priyanka sharma - Sunday, 1 April 2007, 10:04 AM
  dear VK,

got the point!!!!!!!
thanks.

Priyanka
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by rohan pandey - Thursday, 19 April 2007, 03:49 PM
  hi mam for question 4 why can't we choose E as the correct option,is that because it covers only an individual case(i.e. does not sounds general)
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Friday, 20 April 2007, 11:13 AM
  Hi Rohan,

I have a suggestion; read the complete sentence (both underlined and non-underlined parts) aloud. You will feel how awkward it sounds. Ask me if you still have problem.

VK
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by rohan pandey - Friday, 20 April 2007, 12:32 PM
  dear vk got it in my head ,thanks!
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by paras udani - Sunday, 22 April 2007, 12:56 AM
  hallo mam..i got little bit of information..but i just want to know tht y didnt u gave explanation of this for examples....?????? can u plz plz explain each and every grammar part in detaillll.....as i m facing lots of difficulties..the book which i got frm my classes contains lots of rules of grammar and i m finding very difficult to remember it..so what shud i do.....?
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Sunday, 22 April 2007, 05:48 AM
  Dear Paras,

Every incorrect sentence in this article has two parts in red. The sentence is trying to equate these two parts. The error is that these two parts do not belong to the same category, parts of speech or otherwise. Compare the parts in red with each other and you have your explanation.

VK
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Crazy CAT - Monday, 23 April 2007, 07:16 PM
 

hello verbal kitten,

thanxs for such a nice article.waiting 4 more such type of articles.

Neet

 

 

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Monday, 23 April 2007, 08:29 PM
  Hi Neetu,

Trying to write another one. I hope I can squeeze some time out from my schedule this week to finish it. smile

VK
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by quaint lee - Sunday, 29 April 2007, 01:19 AM
 

Hi VK,

Thanks for such a clear and well written article.

Some more sentence correction questions based on faulty predication would be great.

(Getting greedy :p)

Cheers!

 

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Verbal Kitten - Sunday, 29 April 2007, 01:39 AM
  Dear quaint,

Thank you. And you can find a lot of such questions (although you will have to spot them) in the 1000 SC file in the download section. smile

VK
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Anand Kishore - Tuesday, 15 May 2007, 02:19 PM
 

HI VK,

its a nice move n will b helpful 2 ppl like me ..waiting for next article... adios !!

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by cat mat - Thursday, 24 May 2007, 07:06 PM
 

hi mam

a very useful post.. thanks a lot for educating us...

waiting fr more informative articles

regds

san

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by sidrah patel - Wednesday, 27 June 2007, 07:27 PM
 

Hello Miss Verbal Kitten..quite an innovative name there.

 

Absolutely agree with you vis a vis the singular bit.

But lets consider option D and E --isnt E too wordy hence rendering D the better option???

Also, another query- regdin SC- what do you recommend, learning all the grammer rules first or learnin intermittently along with practise?/

 

Thank You Mam

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Gul Gul - Monday, 2 July 2007, 06:45 PM
 

Hey miss kitten .....gud name...

Got 3/4 correct having doubt in first 1 how to choose b/w 2nd n 4th option. Great work mam...Thanks...smile

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Gul Gul - Monday, 2 July 2007, 06:47 PM
 

Hey miss kitten .....gud name...

Got 3/4 correct having doubt in first 1 how to choose b/w 2nd n 4th option. ....Great work mam....First article read in this forum...Thanks to Dagny...smile

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Dagny Taggart - Monday, 2 July 2007, 08:57 PM
  Hi Gullz,

The rule is 'not X but Y'.
In option B-
a majority is allowed to rule not because it is more likely to be right, but because it is stronger.

Dagny
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Gul Gul - Tuesday, 3 July 2007, 10:25 AM
 

Hey Dagny,

Thanks ....Now i have started njoyin really....

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Dagny Taggart - Tuesday, 3 July 2007, 03:05 PM
  smile
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Akon Convict - Tuesday, 9 October 2007, 07:46 PM
 

Can anybody ecplain the 3rd one

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Dagny Taggart - Wednesday, 10 October 2007, 11:58 AM
  Hi Akon,

Which option did you mark ?

Dagny
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Harish Ch - Wednesday, 10 October 2007, 10:13 PM
  Thanks VK for such a great article!
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Akon Convict - Thursday, 11 October 2007, 07:42 PM
 

A

sad

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Dagny Taggart - Friday, 12 October 2007, 12:51 AM
 
Hi Akon,

Read only the bold part:-

The technical term “pagination” is a process that leaves editors, instead of printers, assemble the page images that become the metal or plastic plates used in printing.


(A) is a process that leaves editors, instead of printers, assemble the page images that become the metal or plastic plates used in printing.

(C) is a process leaving the editors, rather than printers, to assemble the page images that become the metal or plastic plates used in printing.


Dagny



Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Rishi Kapoor - Saturday, 13 October 2007, 01:19 AM
 

B...D...B...E

Got only 2 correct

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by rohit avasthi - Monday, 15 October 2007, 08:15 PM
  e.e.e.e.e.e.e.e..e.e.......even after reading the article i cudnt get ny answer rt......nyhw...excellent article.....
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Anshuman Bhar - Wednesday, 12 March 2008, 12:44 PM
  Hi,
Can you please tell me whether the follwoing sentences are correct or not and If not..then please please tell what is wrong .

 Q. If Obama was a white man, he would not be in this position
(I have read somewhere that in case of conditional clauses , were is used to express a 'wish' but I have found this sentence in a TOI article, is it wrong ? kindly explain the reason too.)

Q Expect for You and I, everyone wished the little boy happy birthday.
(Correct answer says that 'me' should be used in place of 'I'. I don't understand the reason. The expression 'Except for You and I' is not in objective case then why will 'me'. Please explain )

Regards,
Anshuman
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Dagny Taggart - Thursday, 13 March 2008, 05:56 PM
 

Hi Anshuman,

After ‘if’ and ‘wish’, you can use ‘were’ instead of ‘was’ but ‘was’ is not wrong.

If I were you I wouldn’t buy that dress OR If I was you….
I wish it were possible OR I wish it was possible
If I was hungry, I would eat something.

For the usage of me and I, go through the following link.
http://totalgadha.com/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=2211

Dagny

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by mohammed javed - Friday, 6 June 2008, 11:50 AM
 

Hi Verbal Kitten!,

Nice Article.....smile smile

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by shashank tandon - Wednesday, 6 August 2008, 04:31 PM
  Hi V.K ,
   Can u tell me whether the below sentence is correct or wrong?Also please mention the reason.

The death toll in Gujrat Earthquake has risen to 30000 people.

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by ankur rustagi - Saturday, 13 September 2008, 06:09 AM
 

hi VK,

Gr8 article. Thanks

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by vishember maheshwari - Monday, 3 November 2008, 09:56 PM
 

VK Mam,

This thread is really helpful to me.

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by vikram singh - Thursday, 6 November 2008, 11:54 AM
  A great article !!!
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by King Anand - Monday, 10 November 2008, 12:31 AM
 

@VK

thank you mam .

great help indeed.

am appearing for cat-08.was out of touch with grammar.

decided to end my cat prep wid tg_lessons instead of books..

proud f my decision fter reading this article.

last 6 daes to gooo....i am very close....tg verbal lessons might be the

last stone unturned.will message u again fter cat

bbye.thank u!!!

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by vineet kumar - Monday, 24 August 2009, 07:27 PM
  how can a process allow someone? Question 3
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Shreela Roy - Tuesday, 25 August 2009, 12:23 AM
  dear vk,
in the fourth sentence isn't the entire meaning of the sentence changed by introducing camel domestication...which is much different than what was in the parent sentence....domesticated camel...can we alter sentences like this...please clarify
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by neha saxena - Friday, 28 August 2009, 11:39 PM
  Hi Shashank
In this case what I feel is that the word "people" is redundant and should be removed.That's my take.

VK, Can you please tell the correct form and error.
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by subodh panigrahi - Sunday, 30 August 2009, 02:14 AM
 

Hi VK ma'am

gr8  article ..

will love to read some more

Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by sagar dumbre - Sunday, 30 August 2009, 11:15 AM
  hey,u have done a great job.
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by BellTheCAT ... - Wednesday, 16 September 2009, 06:58 PM
  I think this topic has highlighted few mistakes that we make quite often as we consider them obvious. Moreover, we find such mistakes again and again in newspapers.
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by aditi gupta - Tuesday, 29 September 2009, 06:07 PM
  Hey VK,
Great job, but could we have the explanations to the last 4 ques..? I got the first one wrong sad
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Sauvik Paul - Wednesday, 30 September 2009, 01:51 AM
 

Great post .. I always had my doubts in this region .. but i would have liked some more exercises maa'm..Got 3 of 'em right.
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by rahul jain - Thursday, 19 November 2009, 01:10 PM
  Hi Dagny

i could not understand this because cannot make out the letters properly :

After ‘if’ and ‘wish’, you can use ‘were’ instead of ‘was’ but ‘was’ is not wrong.
If I were you I wouldn’t buy that dress OR If I was you….
I wish it were possible OR I wish it was possible
If I was hungry, I would eat something.

Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Sweety j - Friday, 3 September 2010, 06:21 PM
  wow dis is really a good one!!
i got all the answers correct for the first time :D
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by siddharth jain - Friday, 10 September 2010, 11:35 PM
  sir, can u also share ur views on topic articles, idioms
it would be a great help
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by lazy gadha - Saturday, 11 September 2010, 11:51 PM
  thnkx mam!

this article has helped me, in understanding the faulty prediction, a lot.

thanks again. thanks a billion!!!smile
Re: Faulty Predication- Wrong logic of sentence construction
by Santhosh Kumar - Wednesday, 10 October 2012, 09:35 PM
  It is correct to use were or weren't when it comes to hypothetical statements.

For example, it is correct to say "If I were a bird, I would fly around the world." Here, it would be incorrect to say "If I was a bird, I would fly around the world."

Answering questions on this post, it is correct to say

If I were you, I wouldn't buy that dress
I wish it were possible
If I were hungry, I would eat something.

Thanks to meraenglish.com I found many such interesting answers.