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Grammar Googly- 1
by Total Gadha - Sunday, 4 March 2007, 05:15 PM
 

1 . If a Singular object is separated by a comma from an accompanying phrase it remains singular.

Correct : Ricky, accompanied by his wife was at the party.

Incorrect : Rickey, accompanied by his wife were at the party.

2 . A relative pronoun should be placed as close to its antecedent as possible.

Correct : I have read writings of Plato, who was a disciple of Socrates.

Incorrect : I have read Plato's writing who was a disciple of Socrates.

Antecedent- The noun for which the pronoun is used.

Plato is the noun and its antecedent is who (relative pronoun)

3 . A reflexive pronoun cannot be used alone as a subject of the verb. It must be preceded by some other noun or pronoun.

Correct : Her mother and I were standing there.

Incorrect : Myself and her mother were standing there.

Reflexive pronoun- Formed by adding self/selves to the pronoun.

4. An intransitive verb will always be followed by a subject pronoun.

Correct : It must have been she at the door.

Incorrect : It must have been her at the door.

Correct : I wish I were he.

Incorrect : I wish I were him.

Correct : He didn't know that it was I who did it.

Incorrect : He didn't know that it was me who did it.

Intransitive Verb

An intransitive verb is an action verb (that is, it is neither a linking verb nor an auxiliary verb) which does not have a direct object.

The action is still being done, but it is not being done to anything or anyone else.

Most verbs can be both intransitive and transitive depending on the sentence. The verb to go, however, is always intransitive.

Transitive: He runs a large corporation.
(The verb runs has a direct object, corporation.)

Intransitive: He runs around the block daily.
(There is no direct object.)

5 . When in doubt about the correctness of who and whom try substituting subject/object of simpler pronouns to clarify the meaning.

Example : I didn't know who/whom Rakesh meant.

Try substituting he/him

Ravi meant he (wrong)

Ravi meant him (correct)

Example : There was a discussion as to who/whom is better suited.

Substituting she/her

She is better suited. (Correct)

Her is better suited. (Wrong)

6 . 'I don't have' is used for things occurring habitually. 'I haven't' is used for particular occasions.

Correct: I haven't the time to go to the movie today.

Incorrect : I don't have time to go to the movie today.

7 . Conjunction 'though' and 'but' cannot be used together.

8. When a pronoun is the object of the preposition, it is used in the objective case.

Correct: No one including Sunil and me agree to the cause.

Incorrect: No one including Sunil and I agree to the cause.

'me' is the object of the preposition 'including' and hence used in objective case. 'I' is the nominative case.

Nominative case

Singular

Plural

1st person

I

We

2nd person

You

You

3rd person

He, She, It

They

Objective Case

Singular

Plural

1st person

Me

Us

2nd person

You

You

3rd person

Him, Her, It

Them

Possessive Case

Singular

Plural

1st person

My, Mine

Our, Ours

2nd person

You, Yours

You, Yours

3rd person

His, Her, Its

Their

9 . A pronoun or a noun preceding a gerund should always be in the possessive case.

Correct: My mother does not like my going to the party.

Incorrect: My mother does not like me going to the party.

Correct : He was happy at his brother's coming home at the festival.

A gerund is a verbal that ends in -ing and functions as a noun.

10. Order of placing person

1. Third person

2. Second person

3. First person

Example: Rashmi, You and I went to the party.

11. If two actions happened in the past, it may be necessary to show which action occurred earlier than the other. The past perfect is mainly used in such situations. The simple past is used in one clause and past perfect in the other.

Example : I had done my exercise when Harish came to see me.

Example: I had written the letter before he arrived.

Example: Everyone in the class had finished the assignment before the bell rang.

12: In the sentences that include verbs of persuasion, a person exerts his will over another or causes an individual to do something. The verb of persuasion will be located in the first clause; the main verb will be in the 'base form' or 'infinitive form'.

Correct : I insist that she study hard.

Incorrect: I insist that she should study hard.

Correct : I demand they stop this at once.

Incorrect: I demand they should stop this at once.

Correct : The girl next door suggested that the boy buy the boat with cash.

Incorrect: The girl next door suggested that the boy should buy the boat with cash.

The Subjunctive Mood

A verb is in the subjunctive mood when it expresses a condition which is doubtful or not factual. It is most often found in a clause beginning with the word if. It is also found in clauses following a verb that expresses a doubt, a wish, regret, request, demand, or proposal.

These are verbs typically followed by clauses that take the subjunctive:

ask, demand, determine, insist, move, order, pray, prefer, recommend, regret, request, require, suggest, and wish.

In English there is no difference between the subjunctive and normal, or indicative, form of the verb except for the present tense third person singular and for the verb to be.

The subjunctive for the present tense third person singular drops the -s or -es so that it looks and sounds like the present tense for everything else.

The subjunctive mood of the verb to be is be in the present tense and were in the past tense, regardless of what the subject is.

Incorrect : If I was you, I would run.

Correct : If I were you, I would run.
(The verb follows if and expresses a non-factual condition.)

Incorrect : I wish he was able to type faster.

Correct : I wish he were able to type faster.
(The second verb is in a clause following a verb expressing a wish. It also suggests a non-factual or doubtful condition.)

Incorrect : His requirement is that everyone is computer literate.

Correct : His requirement is that everyone be computer literate.
(Subordinate clause follows main clause with a demand.)

Incorrect : He recommended that each driver reports his tips.

Correct : He recommended that each driver report his tips.

13. When 'each', 'every' or 'many a' precedes two or more subjects linked by 'and', they separate the subjects and the verb is singular.

Correct: Each of the book's protagonist- Mark, Mary and Thomas has a powerful personality.

14. A noun or pronoun in the possessive case should not be used as an antecedent to relative pronoun.

Correct : Do not forget the enthusiasm of him who brought the movement so far.

Incorrect: Do not forget his enthusiasm who brought the movement so far.

His here is in the possessive case hence cannot be used as an antecedent for relative pronoun 'who'

15. The word superior, inferior, senior, junior, prior, anterior, and posterior take to instead of than.

Correct : Rajiv is inferior to Ravi .

Incorrect: Rajiv is inferior than Ravi .

16. 'Like' and 'Unlike' signal comparison, so when a sentence starts with 'like' or 'unlike' make sure that the sentence compares similar things, things that can be logically compared and things that are in the same grammatical form.

Correct: Unlike the people who settled in the western state after the passage of the homeland act, the prospectors and adventurers who came to California during the gold rush hoped to get rich quickly.

Here similar things, 'people who settled' the western state are compared to the 'prospectors and adventurers'

Correct : Sikhism's teachings, like those of most other religions, are codified in a book.

Incorrect : Like most other religions, the teachings of Sikhism are codified in a book.

You cannot compare 'most religions' to 'teachings of Sikhism'. The correct sentence should compare teachings to teachings and religions to religions. 'Those' in the correct sentence stand for teachings. Since those follow 'teachings', hence pronoun 'those' stand for noun 'teachings'.

17. Connectors or in built parallel structures

Either... or

As much...as

Not so much...as

And or yet

Both... and

Neither... nor

Not... only

But... also

Not only is always followed by BUT ALSO.

NOR only comes after NEITHER.

I shall have to end here and leave the rest of it for our CBT Club students. We shall cover some problems based on this in the CBT Club.

 

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Grammar Googly- 2
English Usage / Grammar Compendium

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by quaint lee - Sunday, 29 April 2007, 01:01 AM
 

Nice article, though I had to read it twice as I'm unfamiliar with grammar terms. Normally I just go by what ‘sounds’ right/wrong, without thinking about the grammar rules. This article has helped in clarifying a lot of things.

Just to give you some feedback on some sentences that felt strange.

Correct: It must have been she at the door.

Correct: I haven't the time to go to the movie today (??, sounds american)

Incorrect : I don't have (the) time to go to the movie today. (sounds ok ?? )

Correct: No one including Sunil and me agree to the cause. (agree or agrees)

Correct: Each of the book's protagonist- Mark, Mary and Thomas has a powerful personality. (protagonists?)

I guess I’m having a problem with combinations like - Each/No one/ - has/have

Ty

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Verbal Kitten - Sunday, 29 April 2007, 01:59 AM
  Dear Quaint,

What will you say, 'she must have been at the door' or 'her must have been at the door'? The first sentence is correct.

In the 4th sentence if 'No one' is used in the sense of 'none' then it takes plural verb because 'none', although singular, usually takes plural verb.

In the fifth sentence 'protagonists' is correct. I think it's a typing error.

VK
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by quaint lee - Sunday, 29 April 2007, 02:35 PM
  thanks smile
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Kunal Gupta - Tuesday, 5 June 2007, 03:32 PM
 

refe:

A noun or pronoun in the possessive case should not be used as an antecedent to relative pronoun.

Correct : Do not forget the enthusiasm of him who brought the movement so far.

Incorrect: Do not forget his enthusiasm who brought the movement so far.

Why 'who' is used (refering to enthusiasm),shouldnt it be 'which'??

Pls clarify...

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Amrendra Verma - Wednesday, 20 June 2007, 02:45 AM
 

Hi TG,

Please throw some light on Phrases and Clauses and their types.

Thanks,

Amrendra

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Total Gadha - Thursday, 21 June 2007, 04:22 AM
  Hi Kunal,

In the correct sentence 'who' refers to 'him' and not the 'enthusiasm.'

Total Gadha
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Puru Govind - Thursday, 21 June 2007, 11:49 AM
  Just wondering, if the error in the first sentence is "Rick(e)y". hehe.. Just kidding. Awesome compilation.
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by kishore ayyadevara - Sunday, 8 July 2007, 10:48 AM
 

Hi TG,

good compilation!

could not get the logic behind the following 2 sentences

Incorrect : He recommended that each driver reports his tips.

Correct : He recommended that each driver report his tips.

can you please clarify?

Cheers,

Kishore.

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Amishe 800 - Friday, 20 July 2007, 01:51 AM
 

Hi VB ,

As per you ....None ..usually takes Plural verb .

.Below is the example from From Verbal Googly -2 by TG.

Example 2: None of the documents (is/are) identified in the brief.
Think: Not one of the documents is identified in the brief. (singular subject/singular verb)

..Seems contradictory ?..It is that beacuse here we have None 'Of'.

Please confirm.

Correct: No one including Sunil and I agree to the cause.
It seems Agree (Plural verb) is used because here Subject is (None + additive Including ( A and B) ) . Use of 'And'

CONFIRM?

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by brendan decruz - Saturday, 28 July 2007, 10:34 PM
 

hi amishe,

NONE but/including ...................  here the verb chosen will depend on the subject/noun following the word NONE.   hence, as "Sunil and I"are considered, we have to use plural verb, whereas if it were only "Sunil" , then singular verb to be used...........

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Shreyans Jain - Sunday, 2 September 2007, 04:07 PM
 

then shoudn't it be

(from Grammar googly 2 - 3.None vs No one - Example 2):

None of the documents (is/are) identified in the brief.

As u said, the verb would depend upon the subject for none and hence here it should be 'are' as the subject 'depends' is plural.

Confused huh....

SJ

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by nishant shekhar - Monday, 29 October 2007, 05:02 PM
 

Hi TG,

5 . When in doubt about the correctness of who and whom try substituting subject/object of simpler pronouns to clarify the meaning.

Thanku so so much for this lovely rule  smile) , I have always had doubt in who/whom and never did i find a clear cut rule for diffrentiating these two.

thankx again

nishant

 

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by gagandeep sharma - Saturday, 7 June 2008, 04:10 PM
  i think the correct usage for sentence 'Her mother and I were standing there' is 'I and her mother were standing there.'
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Reema Aggarwal - Monday, 16 June 2008, 07:20 PM
 

Hi TG and Dangy,

My first post with doubts in following sentences ->

1) Incorrect -> This scissor will not cut such a hard wire.

Correct -> This scissors will not cut such a hard wire.

My Ans -> These scissors ...

2) Incorrect -> These sceneries of Kashmir are beautiful

Correct -> These scenes of Kashmir are beautiful

My Ans -> The scenery of Kashmir is beautiful.

3) Correct -> Many of them are not good books

  My Ans -> Most of them are not good books

4) Correct -> Whose is this calculator?

    My Ans -> Whose calculator is this?

5) Correct -> What have you to do now?

My Ans-> What do you have to do now?

6) Correct -> Whom did you borrow this book from?

My Ans -> From whom did you borrow this book?

pLease solve my doubts.

 

 

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by garima gupta - Friday, 11 July 2008, 12:07 PM
 

hi... can u tell me  whether the following sentences are correct...

1.the family are fighting over the property.

my ans:the family is fighting over the property.

2.The jury are divided in their opinion.

my ans:the jury is divided in its opinion.

plz clarify...

 

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by gagan arora - Tuesday, 29 July 2008, 08:13 AM
 

hi reema...your doubts have put me in a lot of  dilemma...am i going to do it this time or not...

gone are the days /////-4iiketi0ert

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Ankit Thakur - Wednesday, 30 July 2008, 12:27 AM
  Hi TG freinds,

I am not able to understand rule 12:
12: In the sentences that include verbs of persuasion, a person exerts his will over another or causes an individual to do something. The verb of persuasion will be located in the first clause; the main verb will be in the 'base form' or 'infinitive form'.
Can anyone please explain it in detail. 
Thanks
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by shivam mishra - Sunday, 18 October 2009, 11:26 AM
  grammar too tough...
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by soumya bhattacharya - Monday, 16 November 2009, 11:19 PM
  hi garima,

it should be
The family are....
The jury are...
because when the group is divided , then each member acts as different
but when they are agreed on a issue, then 'is' is used.

Correct - The jury is united.
Correct - The jury are divided.

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by anirban bhar - Tuesday, 1 December 2009, 09:36 PM
  @tg sir, please clear my doubt in rule no.14 example correct:Do not forget the enthusiasm of him who brought the movement so far. Incorrect: Do not forget his enthusiasm who brought the movement so far. its really confusing out here whether its the enthusiasm or the person itself who brought the movement ahead.......i think its more close to the enthusiasm............plzz clarify thanks anirban
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by riki gupta - Wednesday, 2 December 2009, 06:31 PM
  I saw Geometry and number system books in total gadha site But i want best book on verbal. plz help!!
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by lazy gadha - Tuesday, 5 October 2010, 04:34 PM
 

tg sir thanks a ton...........

joke apart..............i'm a great fan of grammar not because it's full of rules but because it is full of exception...............

 

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by rony roy - Saturday, 5 November 2011, 06:43 PM
  isn't is supposed to be .. full of exceptions...

thoughtful

-donkey
Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Radha Chawla - Wednesday, 29 February 2012, 04:02 PM
 

Hi Dangy,

Please explain the 12th point again, as its not clear, as generally to stress on some senetence we mak use of "should" but here we haven't & without "should" the sentence seems to be incomplete. Please explain.

 12: In the sentences that include verbs of persuasion, a person exerts his will over another or causes an individual to do something. The verb of persuasion will be located in the first clause; the main verb will be in the 'base form' or 'infinitive form'.

Correct : I insist that she study hard.

Incorrect: I insist that she should study hard

 

 

Thanks,

Reeti

Re: Grammar Googly- 1
by Farhan Mansuri - Wednesday, 14 March 2012, 06:45 PM
 

Correct : I insist that she study hard.

Incorrect: I insist that she should study hard

now it is clear ..

Thanks

Farhan Mansuri