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hi, pl. explain the following CR.......
by Ansuman Mohanty - Monday, 8 September 2008, 07:26 AM
 

hi,

pl. expalin.....

Current farm policy is institutionalized penalization of consumers. It increases food prices for middle- and low-income families and costs the taxpayer billions of dollars a year.

Which of the following statements, if true, would provide support for the author's claims above?

I. Farm subsidies amount to roughly $20 billion a year in federal payouts and $12 billion more in higher food prices.

II. According to a study by the Department of Agriculture, each $1 of benefits provided to farmers for ethanol production costs consumers and taxpayers $4.

III. The average full-time farmers have an average net worth of over $300,000.

(A) I only

(B) II only

(C) III only

(D) I and II only 

(E) I, II, and III

----why D wold be the answer...

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Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR.......
by Total Gadha - Friday, 12 September 2008, 08:52 AM
  The argument asserts only two things- food prices are raised and taxpayers have to pay a large sum of money every year. I and II are both supporting this. III is irrelevant to the argument. 
hi, pl. explain the following 2 CR questions from 1000 series......
by Ansuman Mohanty - Sunday, 30 November 2008, 08:24 AM
 

14. Corporate officers and directors commonly buy and sell, for their own portfolios, stock in their own corporations. Generally, when the ratio of such inside sales to inside purchases falls below 2 to 1 for a given stock, a rise in stock prices is imminent. In recent days, while the price of MEGA Corporation stock has been falling, the corporation’s officers and directors have bought up to nine times as much of it as they have sold.

The facts above best support which of the following predictions?

(A) The imbalance between inside purchases and inside sales of MEGA stock will grow even further.

(B) Inside purchases of MEGA stock are about to cease abruptly.

(C) The price of MEGA stock will soon begin to go up.

(D) The price of MEGA stock will continue to drop, but less rapidly.

(E) The majority of MEGA stock will soon be owned by MEGA’s own officers and directors.

-------why the answer is C. I really couldn't get a clue...

15. The proposal to hire ten new police officers in Middletown is quite foolish. There is sufficient funding to pay the salaries of the new officers, but not the salaries of additional court and prison employees to process the increased caseload of arrests and convictions that new officers usually generate.

Which of the following, if true, will most seriously weaken the conclusion drawn above?

(A) Studies have shown that an increase in a city’s police force does not necessarily reduce crime.

(B) When one major city increased its police force by 19 percent last year, there were 40 percent more arrests and 13 percent more convictions.

(C) If funding for the new police officers’ salaries is approved, support for other city services will have to be reduced during the next fiscal year.

(D) In most United States cities, not all arrests result in convictions, and not all convictions result in prison terms.

(E) Middletown’s ratio of police officers to citizens has reached a level at which an increase in the number of officers will have a deterrent effect on crime.

-----why E...

 

thanks

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following 2 CR questions from 1000 series......
by Ansuman Mohanty - Sunday, 30 November 2008, 11:05 PM
 

thanks a lot !!....please explain the other 2 questions also............

 

Re: hi, pl. explain the following 2 CR questions from 1000 series......
by Dagny Taggart - Friday, 5 December 2008, 09:03 AM
  http://totalgadha.com/mod/forum/discuss.php?d=3081
Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR question from 1000 series......
by Ansuman Mohanty - Wednesday, 17 December 2008, 09:16 AM
 

hi,

pl. explain the following CR from the 1000 series...

Fresh potatoes generally cost about $2 for a 10-pound bag, whereas dehydrated instant potatoes cost, on average, about $3 per pound. It can be concluded that some consumers will pay 15 times as much for convenience, since sales of this convenience food continue to rise.

Which of the following, if true, indicates that there is a major flaw in the argument above?

(A) Fresh potatoes bought in convenient 2-pound bags are about $1 a bag, or 2 1/2 times more expensive than fresh potatoes bought in 10-pound bags.

(B) Since fresh potatoes are 80 percent water, one pound of dehydrated potatoes is the equivalent of 5 pounds of fresh potatoes.

(C) Peeled potatoes in cans are also more expensive than the less convenient fresh potatoes.

(D) Retail prices of dehydrated potatoes have declined by 20 percent since 1960 to the current level of about $3 a pound. 

(E) As a consequence of labor and processing costs, all convenience foods cost more than the basic foods from which they are derived

-----the answer is given as B. why can't it be D as D actually shows that the price of convenience food has actually decreased over time...

Regards,

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR question from 1000 series......
by Ansuman Mohanty - Wednesday, 17 December 2008, 09:44 AM
 

hi,

pl. explain the CR from 1000 series......

Canadians now increasingly engage in “out-shopping,” which is shopping across the national border, where prices are lower. Prices are lower outside of Canada in large part because the goods-and-services tax that pays for Canadian social services is not applied.

Which one of the following is best supported on the basis of the information above?

(A) If the upward trend in out-shopping continues at a significant level and the amounts paid by the government for Canadian social services are maintained, the Canadian goods-and-services tax will be assessed at a higher rate.

(B) If Canada imposes a substantial tariff on the goods bought across the border, a reciprocal tariff on cross-border shopping in the other direction will be imposed, thereby harming Canadian businesses.

(C) The amounts the Canadian government pays out to those who provide social services to Canadians are increasing.

(D) The same brands of goods are available to Canadian shoppers across the border as are available in Canada.

(E) Out-shopping purchases are subject to Canadian taxes when the purchaser crosses the border to bring them into Canada.

----why would the answer be A

regards,

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR question from 1000 series......
by Gagan Bhatia - Tuesday, 27 January 2009, 12:25 AM
  Hi,

I think the answer should be A.
It wasn;t obvious at first but the answer can be derived at by elimination and by the following logic :

If more and more people keep buying stuff from outside, the amount of money collected through the G&S tax would be reduced...in that case the canadian govt. can either increase the tax to make up for the loos in collection...(or decrease the tax in the hope that people would buy more within Canada and hence pay more tax in quantity)...
the former is the option mentioned here...!!

hope im correct and hope it helps!!
hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 20-Q -3,5
by Ansuman Mohanty - Monday, 8 February 2010, 07:56 AM
 

3-Last year in the United States, women who ran for state and national offices were about as likely to win as men. However, only about fifteen percent of the candidates for these offices were women. Therefore, the reason there are so few women who win elections for these offices is not that women have difficulty winning elections but that so few women want to run.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the conclusion given?

(A) Last year the proportion of women incumbents who won reelection was smaller than the proportion of men incumbents who won reelection.

(B) Few women who run for state and national offices run against other women.

(C) Most women who have no strong desire to be politicians never run for state and national offices.

(D) The proportion of people holding local offices who are women is smaller than the proportion of people holding state and national offices who are women.

(E) Many more women than men who want to run for state and national offices do not because they cannot get adequate funding for their campaigns.

5-In several cities, the government is going ahead with ambitious construction projects despite the high office vacancy rates in those cities. The vacant offices, though available for leasing, unfortunately do not meet the requirements for the facilities needed, such as court houses and laboratories. The government, therefore, is not guilty of any fiscal wastefulness.

Which of the following is an assumption on which the argument above depends?

(A) Adaptation of vacant office space to meet the government’s requirements, if possible, would not make leasing such office space a more cost-effective alternative to new construction.

(B) The government prefers leasing facilities to owning them in cases where the two alternatives are equally cost-effective.

(C) If facilities available for leasing come very close to meeting the government’s requirements for facilities the government needs, the government can relax its own requirements slightly and consider those facilities in compliance.

(D) The government’s construction projects would not on being completed, add to the stock of facilities available for leasing in the cities concerned.

(E) Before embarking on any major construction project, the government is required by law to establish beyond any reasonable doubt that there are no alternatives that are most cost-effective.

regards,

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 20-Q -3,5
by Ansuman Mohanty - Tuesday, 9 February 2010, 12:29 AM
 

hi,

 

  waiting for some reply!! pl. respond.

 

regards,

 

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 20-Q -3,5
by Dagny Taggart - Wednesday, 10 February 2010, 04:54 PM
 

Hi Anshuman,

Where are the queries?

3- B?

5- A?

Dagny

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 20-Q -3,5
by Tarun Arora - Thursday, 11 February 2010, 08:48 AM
  3-A
5-A
Answers please!
Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 20-Q -3,5
by Ansuman Mohanty - Wednesday, 17 February 2010, 10:35 AM
 

hi,

 

 but for 3 , the answer is given as E? not sure

 

regards,

 

Ansuman

hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 1- Q15, 17
by Ansuman Mohanty - Tuesday, 6 April 2010, 07:59 AM
 

15-Alba: I don’t intend to vote for Senator Frank in the next election. She is not a strong supporter of the war against crime.

Tam: But Senator Frank sponsored the latest anticrime law passed by the Senate.

Alba: If Senator Frank sponsored it, it can’t be a very strong anticrime law.

Which of the following identifies the most serious logical flaw in Alba’s reasoning?

(A) The facts she presents do not support her conclusion that Senator Frank is soft on crime.

(B) She assumes without proof that crime is the most important issue in the upcoming election.

(C) She argues in a circle, using an unsupported assertion to dismiss conflicting evidence.

(D) She attacks Senator Frank on personal grounds rather than on he merit as a political leader.

(E) In deciding not to vote for Senator Frank, she fails to consider issues other than crime.

 

17-With Proposition 13, if you bought your house 11 years ago for $75,000, your property tax would be approximately $914 a year (1 percent of $75,000 increased by 2 percent each year for 11 years); and if your neighbor bought an identical house next door to you for $200,000 this year, his tax would be $2,000 (1 percent of $200,000). Without Proposition 13, both you and your neighbor would pay $6,000 a year in property taxes (3 percent of $200,000).

Which of the following is the conclusion for which the author most likely is arguing in the passage above?

(A) Proposition 13 is unconstitutional because it imposes an unequal tax on properties of equal value.

(B) If Proposition 13 is repealed, every homeowner is likely to experience a substantial increase in property taxes.

(C) By preventing inflation from driving up property values, Proposition 13 has saved homeowners thousands of dollars in property taxes.

(D) If Proposition 13 is not repealed, identical properties will continue to be taxed at different rates.

(E) Proposition 13 has benefited some homeowners more than others.

 

regards,

 

Ansuman

Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 1- Q15, 17
by Total Gadha - Tuesday, 6 April 2010, 10:13 AM
  1. A classic 'begging the question'
Begging the Question is a fallacy in which the premises include the claim that the conclusion is true or (directly or indirectly) assume that the conclusion is true. This sort of "reasoning" typically has the following form.

   1. Premises in which the truth of the conclusion is claimed or the truth of the conclusion is assumed (either directly or indirectly).
   2. Claim C (the conclusion) is true.

This sort of "reasoning" is fallacious because simply assuming that the conclusion is true (directly or indirectly) in the premises does not constitute evidence for that conclusion. Obviously, simply assuming a claim is true does not serve as evidence for that claim. This is especially clear in particularly blatant cases: "X is true. The evidence for this claim is that X is true."

Some Examples:
  • "If such actions were not illegal, then they would not be prohibited by the law."
  • "The belief in God is universal. After all, everyone believes in God."
  • Source



    Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 1- Q15, 17
    by Ansuman Mohanty - Wednesday, 7 April 2010, 07:13 AM
     

    hi,

    thx for the responese!! will you please explain the other one too?

     

    regards,

     

    Ansuman

    Re: hi, pl. explain the following CR questions from 1000 series - test 1- Q15, 17
    by Kirti Lohiya - Friday, 16 April 2010, 11:08 AM
      Hi TG,

    Even have few doubts.Can you please help me with these CR questions.I have mentioned the ans I feel should be correct but unfortunately these are wrong. I was looking for justification for it.

    16. Which of the following best completes the passage below?
    As long as savings deposits are insured by the government, depositors will have no incentive to evaluate the financial strength of a savings bank. Yield alone will influence their choice of bank. To attract deposits, banks will be forced to offer the highest possible interest rates. And since paying higher rates inevitably strains the financial strength of a bank, ______
    (A) the government will be forced o impose limitations on interest rates
    (B) deposit insurance will ultimately lead to the financial weakening of many banks
    (C) savers will be forced to choose between deposit insurance and higher interest rates
    (D) deposits will tend to go to the banks with the greatest financial strength
    (E) bank profits will tend to rise to ever-higher levels
    D

    17. Every painting hanging in the Hoular Gallery is by a French painter. No painting in the Hoular Gallery is by a Vorticist. Only Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
    If the information above is true, which of the following must also be true?
    (A) No French painters are Vorticists.
    (B) All Vorticists use acrylic monochromes in their works.
    (C) Some French painters do not use acrylic monochromes in their works.
    (D) No French painters use acrylic monochromes in their works.
    (E) All French painters who use acrylics use acrylic monochromes in their works.
    A

    18. We commonly speak of aesthetic judgments as subjective, and in the short term they are, since critics often disagree about the value of a particular contemporary work of art. But over time, the subjective element disappears. When works of art have continued to delight audiences for centuries, as have the paintings of Michelangelo, the music of Bach, and the plays of Shakespeare, we can objectively call them great.
    The statements above best support which of the following conclusions?
    (A) When Michelangelo, Bach, and Shakespeare were alive, critics disagreed about the value of their work.
    (B) The value of a contemporary work of art cannot be objectively measured.
    (C) The reputation of a work of art often fluctuates greatly from one generation to the next.
    (D) The mere fact that a work of art has endured for centuries does not establish its greatness.
    (E) If critics agree about the value of a particular cotemporary work of art, then the work can objectively be called great.
    C

    19. Since the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit was mandated on our highways, both money and human lives have been saved.
    All of the following, if true, would strengthen the claim above EXCEPT:
    (A) Most highway users find that travel times are not appreciably lengthened by the 55-mile-per-hour speed limit.
    (B) Highway driving at 55 miles per hour or less is more fuel-efficient than high-speed driving.
    (C) Nearly all highway safety experts agree that more accidents occur at speeds over 55 miles per hour than at lower speeds.
    (D) The percentage of fatalities occurring in highway accidents at speeds greater than 55 miles per hour is higher than that for low-speed accidents.
    (E) Automobiles last longer and require fewer repairs when driven at consistently lower speeds.
    A

    20. The city council will certainly vote to approve the new downtown redevelopment plan, despite the objections of environmentalists. After all, most of the campaign contributions received by members of the city council come from real estate development firms, which stand to benefit from the plan.
    Which of the following statements, if true, would most weaken the argument above?
    (A) Several members of the city council receive sizable campaign contributions from environmental lobbying groups.
    (B) Members of the city council are required to report the size and source of each campaign contribution they receive.
    (C) Not every real estate development firm in the city will be able to participate in, and profit from, the new downtown redevelopment plan.
    (D) The members of the city council have often voted in ways that are opposed to the interests of their campaign contributors.
    (E) Some environmentalists have stated that the new downtown redevelopment plan might be environmentally sound if certain minor modifications are made.
    A